The use of facial recognition for authentication is becoming increasingly prevalent — especially on mobile devices. But between easy access to images on social media and advances in digital and print image resolution, facial biometrics has security gaps that fraudsters exploit to successfully spoof a facial recognition system.
Facial liveness has emerged as a way to stop fraud and ensure the integrity of facial biometrics as a means of authentication. Most of today’s technologies are “active”, meaning they require participation by the user such as blinking, turning their head or moving the phone. This results in three issues: First fraudsters are clever and can do things like present a photo cut out with eye holes, use a mask or show a video. Second, challenge-response techniques put them on alert. And lastly, these methods create friction that diminishes the user experience.